Gold Reserves by Country

Gold Reserves by Country

Which countries have the most gold?

Gold Reserves By Country 2016 – Top 40

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Below are charts showing the gold reserves by country* as reported by the World Gold Council.

Updated September 20, 2016

2016 Gold Reserves By Country

The Top Ten

gold-reserves-by-country-top-ten-september-20-2016


The central banks of China and Russia have the fifth and sixth most gold, respectively.

*country= the central bank of each country, not the total gold that may be in a particular country or total gold under country’s governmental control.

The chart shows that the United States is the largest holder of gold in the world. In the last few years Russia and China have increased their gold reserves significantly. The chart shows China to have the sixth largest holdings of the yellow metal with 1,808 tonnes. Even after China updated their official gold holdings in July of 2015, and again in August of 2015, many suspect that China has far more gold than they have reported.

Click here for an explanation on where China’s gold might be.

chinese gold mining production 2000-2015


Chinese gold mining production is the largest in the world.

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While Russia and China have been increasing their gold reserves, Western nations, like Cyprus have contemplated sales of their gold. Indeed, the European Union is considering ending a fifteen year restriction on central bank gold selling.

For monthly updates on Chinese and Russian gold reserves:

Chinese Gold Reserves (monthly archive)

Russian Gold Reserves (monthly archive)

Keep in mind that the gold reserves reported by the World Gold Council are probably subject to adjustment as many central banks are suspected of overstating (United States) or understating (China) their gold reserves. Some countries (Germany) may claim certain gold reserves but may not have physical possession of those reserves. In addition, it is also suspected that gold held by central banks may have been lent or rehypothicated such that they may no longer either have the physical gold or only have a claim on it.

With the potential for currency wars between the Russia and the United States, Russia has been steadily building their gold reserves, while the United States tapered and ended their multi-year/multi-trillion dollar printing quantitative easing scheme and talked about raising interest rates.

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The Top Eleven – Twenty

gold-reserves-by-country-top-11-20-september-2016


India’s 557 tons of gold reserves place it eleventh among nations.

Notable changes over the past year: Venezuela’s gold sales caused it to drop from the top twenty, while Turkey retained its place despite selling over 40 tons of gold. Kazakhstan moved up a notch after adding about 25 tons of gold to her reserves.

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The Top Twenty One – Thirty

gold-reserves-by-country-top-21-30-september-2016


Kazackhstan moved into 21st place over the past year by adding over 25 tons of gold to her reserves

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The Top Thirty One – Forty

gold reserves by country top 31-40 as of October 2015 chart


Greece has 112 tonnes of gold reserves and did not sell any during its financial crisis.

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2014 Gold Reserves By Country

Gold Reserves by Country- Top 20. Russia and China Have Increased Their Gold Reserves And Are Now In The Top Top 10.

Russia and China Have Increased Their Gold Reserves And Are Now In The Top 10.

2014 Gold Top Twenty Chart Courtesy of Nick Laird.

Further Reading:

Top Foreign Holders of U.S. Treasuries

US Mint Gold Sales (monthly archives)

Gold Repatriation Requests (updated regularly)

Gold Supply and Demand

Gold Around the World

India and Gold

China and Gold

Russia and Gold

Save Our Swiss Gold Referendum

Russia Passes Switzerland in Gold Reserves

Smaulgld Gold Buying Guide

Gold vs. the Dow

Gold vs. the Dollar

The Importance of Gold to Nations and Individuals

Gold and Silver Manipulation – Suspected

Silver and Gold Manipulation – Actual

China Hoards its Gold Production

Russia Boosts Its Gold Reserves

If Russia Sells its U.S. Treasuries Will The Fed Buy Them?

How Russia Could Set off an Inflationary Spiral in the United States

Why Saudi Arabia Matters in Keeping the U.S. Dollar as the World’s Reserve Currency

Chinese Housewives Buy Gold By the Ton

Why the End of Quantitative Easing May be Bad for the Dollar (and Good for Gold and Silver)

Gold and Silver Price Manipulation – Suspected

Buying Physical Gold and Silver

2014 Predictions for Gold and Silver

Royal Canadian Mint


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