Gold Reserves by Country – Top Twenty

Gold Reserves

Here is a table showing the Gold Reserves by country. Russia and China have significantly increased their gold reserves and are now in the top ten.

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Gold Reserves By Country 2015 – Top 20

China and Russia Add To Their Gold Reserves

Below is a chart showing the gold reserves by country as reported by the World Gold Council:

2015 Gold Reserves By Country

Gold Reserves by country 2015 chart

Russia’s ongoing gold buying binge has vaulted it into sixth place. (China gold reserves as of 2009)

Chart Courtesy of Nick Laird.

The chart shows that the United States is the largest holder of gold in the world. In the last few years Russia and China have increased their gold reserves significantly. The chart shows China to have the seventh(!) largest holdings of the yellow metal with just 1054 tons. China mined more than that from 2012-2014 (see chart below).

Russia is shown to have the sixth largest gold holdings in the world. Bloomberg has reported speculates that China may indeed have vaulted into third place in the world gold reserves table. Others suspect China has far more gold.

Chinese gold mining chart


China is the world’s largest gold mining country and exports none of the 400+ tons a year it produces.

While Russia and China have been increasing their gold reserves, Western nations, like Cyprus have contemplated sales of their gold. Indeed, the European Union is considering ending a fifteen year restriction on central bank gold selling.

Keep in mind that the gold reserves reported by the World Gold Council are probably subject to adjustment as many central banks are suspected of overstating (United States) or understating (China) their gold reserves. Some countries (Germany) may claim certain gold reserves but may not have physical possession of those reserves. In addition, it is also suspected that gold held by central banks may have been lent or rehypothicated such that they may no longer either have the physical gold or only have a claim on it.

With the potential for currency wars between the Russia and the United States, Russia has been steadily building their gold reserves, while the United States tapers their multi-year/multi-trillion dollar printing quantitative easing scheme.

2014 Gold Reserves By Country

Gold Reserves by Country- Top 20. Russia and China Have Increased Their Gold Reserves And Are Now In The Top Top 10.

Russia and China Have Increased Their Gold Reserves And Are Now In The Top 10.

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Russia has been steadily adding to its gold reserves

Russia Increases its Gold Reserves

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Further Reading:

Top Foreign Holders of U.S. Treasuries

Gold Repatriation Requests (updated regularly)

Gold Supply and Demand

Gold Around the World

India and Gold

China and Gold

Russia and Gold

Save Our Swiss Gold Referendum

Russia Passes Switzerland in Gold Reserves

Smaulgld Gold Buying Guide

Gold vs. the Dow

Gold vs. the Dollar

The Importance of Gold to Nations and Individuals

Gold and Silver Manipulation – Suspected

Silver and Gold Manipulation – Actual

China Hoards its Gold Production

Russia Boosts Its Gold Reserves

If Russia Sells its U.S. Treasuries Will The Fed Buy Them?

How Russia Could Set off an Inflationary Spiral in the United States

Why Saudi Arabia Matters in Keeping the U.S. Dollar as the World’s Reserve Currency

Chinese Housewives Buy Gold By the Ton

Why the End of Quantitative Easing May be Bad for the Dollar (and Good for Gold and Silver)

Gold and Silver Price Manipulation – Suspected

Buying Physical Gold and Silver

2014 Predictions for Gold and Silver

Royal Canadian Mint


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